Spring ’94: The Birth of “Psych Jazz”

Phish 1994 (Unknown)

Phish 1994 (Unknown)

In their heyday, Phish advanced their style of play on a tour-by-tour basis, constantly refining their past while adding facets to their game. Their progression through the groove paradigm of the late-‘90s has been well documented on this site, but the first peak of the band—the years between 1993 and 1995—followed an evolutionary path as well. New Years Eve ’93 in Worcester was the culmination of Phish’ early years. Demolishing The Centrum with arguably the most impressive performance of their career to that point, Phish had peaked out their musical style. 12/31/93 represented the apex of the band’s tight and frenetic “speed jazz” approach to jamming. Most often within song-structure and communicating far more like jazz musicians than the psychedelic rock colossus of later years, the band had honed this style from their earliest days, and it came to a notable head during 1993’s Summer Tour, specifically in the month of August. But after the year came to a close in Worcester, Phish had to find a new path. In a very similar dynamic to their year-end show at Madison Square Garden only two years later, the walls of their musical style could be pushed no further, and the band needed a new focus. The answer to this year-end dilemma of ’93, interestingly enough, would put Phish on a road directly to December 31, 1995.

1994 T Shirt (Pollock)

1994 T Shirt (Pollock)

As the band stepped into the touring year of 1994, in was inhuman to think they could jam any tighter or faster than they had in ’93, so it was time to loosen up. Just a bit at first—and then a whole lot more. Phish’s “speed jazz” jamming of ’93 could be generally described as pushing a musical structure as far as it could possibly go within it’s boundaries. In 1994, the band traveled an outward path, loosening up first over Spring, more over Summer, to Fall where all structure would be obliterated. Along this path towards abstraction, Spring ’94 represented the beginning of the “contortion of structure” phase that intensify throughout the Summer. During Spring tour the band was just starting to bend structures, while their playing was still clearly rooted in the jazzier approach of their previous years. As they took their first steps towards musical deconstruction, Instead of “speed jazz,” Phish began to play “psych jazz.”

With this shift, the band became more adventurous. They were more likely to fully leave a set course of a jam to pursue a sonic tangent. Jams often carried abrupt, stop-start cadences, and carried angular feels. These were the days of centering “Antelope” and “David Bowie” in the wheelhouse of the second set, jams that spurned intricate, conversations with band members playing closely off each others phrases, either repeating or responding to each other in the jazz tradition. There were no effects, no soundcsapes, just straight playing.

11/94 (J. Commentucci)

11/94 (J. Commentucci)

While pointing towards the open-jamming that would infiltrate the band’s live shows in the Fall of the same year, the playing of Spring ’94 was still only months removed from the band’s year-end shows of ’93, and things don’t change in an instant. And therein lies the beauty of this tour. It sounds like balls-out, classic Phish, but with a dash of exploration sprinkled throughout.

Come November Phish would be undertaking, long-form jams such as the Bangor “Tweezer,” Bozeman “Tweezer,” Minneapolis “Bowie,” Providence “Bowie” and many more iconic explorations. One can clearly trace this outward progression from the beginning of Spring ’94, through Summer and Fall, all the way to Summer  ’95—Phish’s most abstract tour. This Spring, they were just scratching the surface of this direction, and for this reason I can see why this tour holds a special place for purists. And the tapes don’t lie.

Today I have put together a Spring ’94 “psych jazz” playlist. (I will do another for Summer.) These jams illustrate the first step away from structure in Phish’s movement towards becoming the most proficient, whole-band improvisers of all time.

David Bowie” 4.13.94 II, New York, NY

A late-second set “Bowie” from the first of three nights at the Beacon Theatre.



Run Like an Antelope” 4.14.94 II, New York, NY

A ferocious, centerpiece “Antelope” that set the tone for the many versions to follow on Spring tour.



David Bowie” 4.17.94 II, Fairfax, VA

“Bowie” jams have started to expand already, as the band many versions early on in tour.



Bathtub Gin” 4.18.94 II, Newark, DE

A short, but sweet “Bathtub Gin” that jumps out of theme.



David Bowie” 4.24.94 II, Charlotte, NC

And this “Bowie,” from the Grady Cole Center, was the version to which all the others were pointing.



Tweezer” 5.7.94 II, Dallas, TX

The Bomb Factory “Tweezer” represented a big turning point in the band’s willingness to let things move far outside the box.



Run Like an Antelope” 5.8.94 II, Bee Cave, TX

Phish’s mojo was still working the night after the Bomb Factory, as evidenced by this centerpiece “Antelope.”



Split Open and Melt” 5.13.94 II, Tempe, AZ

A “Melt” from the desert



Run Like an Antelope > BBFCFM > Antelope” 5.16.94 II, LA, CA

The now-legendary “Big Black Furry Antelope” from LA’s WIltern Theatre.



Tweezer” 5.28.94 II, Monterey, CA

Spring ’94 ended at Laguna Seca Daze festival along the central California coast. Phish played two-setters each night. This was the “Tweezer” from the first night.



Split Open and Melt” 5.29.94 II, Monterey, CA

And the “Split” from the tour-closer.

[audio:http://phishthoughts.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Phish-1994-05-29-Split-Open-and-Melt.mp3] Tags: ,

2,138 Responses to “Spring ’94: The Birth of “Psych Jazz””

  1. bearito Says:

    @JG just emailed you a xbox link to DTSJ

  2. bearito Says:

    *Dbox that is

  3. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Thx bear!

  4. little umbrellas Says:

    Woo! And it don’t stop. Hickey Fest was fun. Headlined last night. Missing my buddies from the Allah Las tonight though. Off to Sebastopol, last gig for the week.

  5. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Give ’em hell lilum!

  6. little umbrellas Says:

    Boom! And happy Solstice to the BB.

  7. Mr. Palmer Says:

    Shout out the BB’s own, GhostPhunk….

    His band, Dive House Union, is opening up for Derek Trucks Band tonight…

    Knock’em dead..

  8. BingosBrother Says:

    Getchusome Ghostphunk!

    LU doin work.

  9. xpun Says:


    Well I’m an idiot. I was confusing Randall’s island with governor’s island.

  10. Leo Weaver Says:

    Thanks for the page78 recon tip @sumo. See ya there.

  11. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Ghostphunk & crew that’s the shit. TTB & DHU sounds like a helluva Sat nt in Buffalo. http://www.divehouseunion.com

  12. BingosBrother Says:

    The TTB moves quick. They were warming up Northerly Island for us last night opening up for WSP. Curfew must be late there cause dude I work with said WSP didn’t even go onuntil after 10PM.

  13. Spasm Waiter Says:

    Slow smoking a grass fed beef brisket this afternoon for a gang of 6. Looking for goto album recs for such an outdoor festivity… Starting with some 73 dead for now…

  14. RoosterPizza Says:

    Congrats to Ghostphunk!

  15. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Solid work Spasmodic 😎

    Try Daptone Gold on for size:http://open.spotify.com/album/6imeVaaWyXizmMVrbY36Ls

  16. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Solid work Spasmodic 😎

    Try Daptone Gold on for size:

  17. xpun Says:

    Leo catches on quick

  18. xpun Says:

    So an 11 yr old mila kunis is in honey we shrunk ourselves. I’ve had too many dirty thoughts about her to see her at this age

  19. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Did yall break the BB again?

    Back porch stylee w/ EB 7.4.14 Bluecheese & live Panic @ Sommerset WI in the phones. Saint Ex. Boys sound great.

  20. MiA Says:

    I love precious and EB

  21. phishm Says:

    BB only works during word days it seems. Lame.

  22. Jerome Garcia Says:

    Low Spark

  23. phishm Says:

    or work.

  24. phishm Says:

    I have these moments where I’ll be steering at this scenario where nothing is really happening, but I can see everything. I’ll just steer until my eyes get lazy and I’ll start to see the hidden ship and all this weird shit that I didn’t see before. Everything starts to make sense and I get the sense that I need to remember all of this as it’s important. It just keeps coming at me too fast. Too much information. It’s like the information itself is trying to overload me to the point that will make me think that I learned everything and in the end retained nothing. I hate it when that happens.

  25. the Baker Says: